Skin pigmentation: What is it? And, How can you treat it?

Photo Credit:  Pixabay

Written by
Katleen Brown


So the beginning of summer can be almost felt as the sun shines brighter and hotter after all those cold, winter days.  And we are all looking forward to that new and exciting season. Just imagine – lying on the beach, drinking a cocktail and getting tanned – the summer cannot get here any faster! We know that getting a tanned body is what everyone dreams about. But have you ever question the process of tanning? How does your skin go from one color to another? What is the science behind this process that brings us joy? Well, get ready because we have gathered our information and we are here to explain everything that you need to know about pigmentation, skin pigmentation disorders and how to treat them at home! Let’s see why hyperpigmentation is considered to be a bigger beauty problem for women than the annoying bags under eyes.
The basics about pigmentation
We are all born with a certain white color to our skin. But as we expose ourselves to the sunlight we can see as our skin starts to get a more brownish color with time. This process occurs due to the activity of certain cells known as melanocytes. The melanocytes produce melanin which is the pigment of our skin or to simplify that – melanin is the thing that colors our skin. The melanin is actually created not to give our skin a certain color, but to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays. Unfortunately, the melanocytes can sometimes under the influence of various factors can be over-stimulated and cause pigmentation or also known as hyperpigmentation to occur. These factors include hormones, most commonly estrogen, oily skin, UVA rays from the sun and inflammation due to trauma. When hyperpigmentation occurs you can see as dark patches are appearing on your skin. These dark patches can appear anywhere on your skin, however, most commonly they appear on your face, neck, and d├ęcolletage. Which makes sense if you think about it, especially if it is sun-induced hyperpigmentation that we are talking about since these are the areas that are most commonly exposed to the sun. Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless however it can contribute to a person’s low self-esteem which is why it is described as one of the most common beauty things that women are worried about.
How to reduce your hyperpigmentation?
No matter if we are talking about face and neck wrinkles or hyper-pigmentation, the important thing to remember is that If you are unhappy with how your skin is, there are many treatment options that your doctor can recommend to try. Talking about hyperpigmentation specifically, there are many non-prescription creams that contain certain ingredients that have the ability to lighten your skin. But keep in mind that these creams should always be used in a combination with sunscreen since they have a weaker effect than the usual prescription creams that your doctor can recommend you. Notice how we mentioned sunscreen? That is because sunscreen is the number one essential factor is keeping our skin healthy and protected from the harmful UV rays. But in order to do that, no matter if you are dealing with hyperpigmentation or not, remember to apply sunscreen at all times, especially during the summer and winter days. During the winter days, you might think that the sun is harmless and that is where you are wrong because the UV rays at winter are just as harmful as those during the summer. But that is about prevention of hyperpigmentation so now let’s get back to treating your hyperpigmentation. Since there are a variety of products that you can try, we cannot simply recommend one or two. Instead of, we will share a list of ingredients that you should look for in your skin-lightening cream. If you are by any means unsure about the use of these ingredients, then read through this study published in the Journal of Coetaneous and Aesthetic Surgery that explains the science behind the skin-lightening effects of these ingredients and more.  
  • Retinoid – You should look for Retinoid in all of your skin care products because these Vitamin A derivates have the function to repair the abnormal and/or damaged skin cells and replace them with new, healthy ones. Because of this function, the Retinoid are used in most anti-aging and skin lightening skin care products.  
  • Vitamin C – Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that our skin and whole body requires. However, applying Vitamin C in its topic form is probably not the best idea because, in that form, Vitamin C does not have the right power to get absorbed in the skin. Instead of trying looking for a specific derivate of Vitamin C known as magnesium-ascorbyl-phosphate (MAP) that has a proven skin-lightening effect and the ability to get absorbed in your skin.
  • Niacin – The Niacin has the ability to interfere with the process of melanogenesis and the power to inhibit it. Thereby will stop the over-stimulation of melanin and treat those dark patches on your skin.
  • Aloe Vera extract – Aloe Vera can be actually found in various skin care products. And that is a good thing because of all the beneficial effects like moisturizing, nurturing and lightening the skin.
Are there any risk factors?
  • Women using hormone replacement therapy
  • Menopausal women using hormone replacement therapy
  • Pregnant women
  • Women using contraceptive pills
  • People who live and/or work outside surrounded by hot, harsh climate
Conclusion
Are your struggling with hyperpigmentation and looking to find out as much as you can on this topic? Or maybe you are here to look for the perfect treatment option for hyperpigmentation. Not to worry because if you have read our article then you have gotten all the needed information on this topic and now you know how to manage it. Remember – do not be afraid to try something new that may help you take a better care of your skin. How about trying some of the best skincare products that there are such as DermaFolia? Whatever you choose, be patient and committed to the task and enjoy the perfect results afterward.

Author Bio - via LinkedIn - I am a health and beauty advisor. I am very passionate about writing articles on niche like health, beauty, skin care and fitness. I love to be the world’s leading authority in the field of health and wellness. Recognizing the unity of body, mind, and outlook, I help empower women to tune into their innate & inner wisdom to transform their health and truly flourish.

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