What You Need To Know About First Aid

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While many of us are concerned with our long-term health, it is just as important to prepare for short-term and immediate health issues and emergencies that we may have to one day face. Having a working knowledge of what first aid is and how to perform basic medical interventions can prepare you in a situation that requires an immediate response and gives you the skills and confidence to tend to minor injuries, provide emergency care and even prevent a death.

Calling the emergency services is one of the first things to do in an emergency situation. However, while you are waiting for them to arrive, you can perform simple procedures that will save precious seconds and importantly save someone’s life. In many scenarios, you might not require the emergency services, and you can perform basic medical interventions at home, if in doubt, however, it is always better to err on the side of caution and consult a medical professional or the emergency services.

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CPR

Having a working knowledge of how to correctly perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) will ensure that someone who is not breathing continues to have oxygen circulating to their brain. This is one of the most basic and effective ways to increase survivability in situations where someone has stopped breathing. The basic steps of CPR are intended to continue the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart and the brain and extend the window of opportunity for successful resuscitation while decreasing the likelihood of permanent brain damage. Performing CPR, or in an ideal situation, having a defibrillator to hand, such as the AED equipment from Foremost, will significantly increase the victim's chance of recovery. Look here for a step by step process of how to perform CPR safely and effectively.


HEIMLICH MANEUVER

In a situation where someone is choking, being aware of how to perform abdominal thrusts, also known as the Heimlich maneuver, correctly can safely dislodge the blockage without causing further harm to the victim. Just about anyone can learn how to perform this exercise from children to seniors. Being able to spot the signs of someone who is choking and knowing how to perform the Heimlich maneuver can make the difference between someone’s survival or death.


FIRST-AID KIT

Common injuries and wounds such as minor burns and cuts can usually be treated at home, which is why it is important to have a well-stocked first-aid kit to hand. If you are a parent with young children, you will almost certainly have to deal with minor injuries at some point or indeed on multiple occasions. As well as having a first-aid kit to hand it is also good practice to keep one in your car as well as bringing one with you on family trips and vacations. Keeping a first-aid guide or book in the kit or nearby will help you to deal with situations that you are not familiar with. A basic first-aid kit should include a range of different sized plasters and bandages, antiseptic wipes, plastic gloves, pain relief medication such as paracetamol and ibuprofen. Look at this checklist for a list of items that you should carry in your first aid kit as recommended by the American Red Cross.

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